Feedback gain in multiple antenna systems

Srikrishna Bhashyam, Ashutosh Sabharwal, Behnaam Aazhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

132 Scopus citations


Multiple antenna transmission and reception have been shown to significantly increase the achievable data rates of wireless systems. However, most of the existing analysis assumes perfect or no channel information at the receiver and transmitter. The performance gap between these extreme channel assumptions is large and most practical systems lie in between. Therefore, it is important to analyze multiple antenna systems in the presence of partial channel information. In this paper, we upper bound the outage probability performance of multiple antenna systems with preamble-based channel estimation and quantized feedback. We design causal feedback and power control schemes to minimize this upper bound on outage probability. We consider the following practical issues in our analysis and design: 1) the channel information is imperfect both at the receiver and at the transmitter and 2) part of the total available resources for the system need to be used for estimation and feedback. Our results demonstrate that for block fading channels, sending a periodic preamble and causally receiving channel state information via a feedback channel can lead to substantial gains in the outage performance over any non-feedback scheme. Most of the gains achieved by perfect feedback can be achieved by very few bits of feedback. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that these outage probability gains can be translated into improvements in frame error rate performance of systems using space-time codes. Thus, implementing a power control, even at the cost of reduced spectral resources for the forward channel is beneficial for block fading channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-798
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2002


  • Beamforming
  • Channel estimation
  • Feedback
  • Multiple antenna systems
  • Outage probability
  • Power control
  • Space-time codes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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