Feasibility for Immediate Targeted Muscle Reinnervation Based on Lower Extremity Amputations Trends

Alexa De La Fuente Hagopian, Souha Farhat, Andres F. Doval, Narainsai K. Reddy, Mark M. Yazid, Anthony Echo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Targeted muscle reinnervation has been adopted as a strategy for the management and prevention of phantom limb pain and symptomatic neuroma formation for patients undergoing lower extremity amputation. The procedure is often performed by surgeons different from those performing the amputation, creating scheduling dilemmas. The purpose of this study was to analyze historic trends in lower extremity amputation scheduling in a single hospital system to evaluate if offering routine immediate targeted muscle reinnervation is practical. Methods: De-identified data over a five-year period for all patients undergoing lower extremity amputation were collected. The data gathered included the specialty performing the amputation, weekly distribution of cases, start time, and end time, among others. Results: A total of 1549 lower extremity amputations were performed. There was no statistically significant difference in average number of below-the-knee amputations (172.8) and above-the-knee amputations (137.4) per year. Top specialties performing amputations were vascular surgery (47.8%), orthopedic surgery (34.5%), and general surgery (13.85%). No significant difference was noted in the average number of amputations across the week, per year. Most cases started between 6 am and 6 pm (96.4%). The average length of stay after surgery was 8.26 days. Conclusions: In a large, nontrauma hospital system, most lower extremity amputations are performed during typical working hours and are evenly distributed throughout the week. Understanding peak timing of amputations may allow for targeted muscle reinnervation to be performed concurrently with amputation procedure. Data presented will be a first step to optimizing amputation scheduling for patients in a large nontrauma health system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E4923
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 14 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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