Drug abuse is a major public health problem in many countries in Europe and North America. Currently available platforms for drug abuse assessment are facing technical challenges of nonquantitation, inaccuracy, low throughput, incompatibility with diverse complex specimens, long assay times, and requirement of instrument and/or expertise for readout. Here, we report an integrated competitive volumetric-bar-chart chip (CV-Chip) to assay multiple drug targets at the point-of-care (POC). To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that a POC platform has been demonstrated to fully address the above-mentioned limitations. We applied this integrated CV-chip platform to assay multiple drugs in 38 patient urine and serum samples and validated the on-chip results with an LC-MS/MS method, indicating a clinical sensitivity and specificity of 0.94 and 1.00, respectively. We further demonstrated that the combination of an on-chip blood separator with the CV-Chip enabled the platform to directly assay finger-prick whole blood samples, which have always been recognized as an ideal biospecimen for POC detections. In summary, this integrated CV-Chip is able to serve as a sensitive, accurate, fast, portable, readout visible, and minimally invasive platform for drug abuse assessment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry