Failure of purged autologous bone marrow transplantation in high risk acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in first complete remission

M. J.M.L. Gilmore, M. D. Hamon, H. G. Prentice, F. Katz, I. C.M. Slaper-Cortenbach, A. E. Hunter, L. Gandhi, M. K. Brenner, A. V. Hoffbrand, A. B. Mehta, L. M. Secker-Walker, D. Skeggs, C. H. Collis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients in first remission of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) considered to be at high risk of relapse were offered autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) using purged marrow as a therapeutic alternative to cranial irradiation and maintenance chemotherapy. Twenty-seven bone marrows taken in remission, were purged using monoclonal antibodies (anti CD7 for T lineage and anti CD10 and/or anti CDl9 for B lineage leukaemias) plus rabbit complement. Retrospective analysis of 19 purged marrows by immunophenotyping or immunoglobulin gene rearrangement studies demonstrated no evidence of disease. Engraftment was seen in 26 of the patients. No correlation was found between the numbers of infused nucleated cells or colony forming units-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) and subsequent engraftment kinetics. The actuarial disease-free survival (DFS) is 32% at 7 years (median follow-up 3.4 years). There were two transplant related deaths (actuarial risk 8%); the main cause of treatment failure has been disease recurrence with an overall actuarial risk of 67%; 76% for T-ALL (five of nine), 62% for common ALL (five of 10), two of five pre B and none of three patients with B-ALL. In these 27 high risk patients in vitro purging of remission marrow as part of ABMT appears not to improve patient outcome, although confirmation of this would require a randomized trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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