Background and Aim: The Asymptomatic Cardiac Ischemia Pilot is the first randomized trial where revascularization involved choice of either coronary bypass or angioplasty used in an early or a delayed symptom-driven approach. One-year outcomes were favorable (reduced recurrent ischemia and adverse outcomes) for an early revascularization strategy (within 4 weeks), compared with an early medical strategy when revascularization was delayed until symptom-driven. This ancillary study examined variables influencing outcomes after these 2 revascularization approaches (early vs. delayed until symptom- driven). Methods: Participants were clinically stable coronary disease patients with stress-induced and daily life ischemia who underwent revascularization. Characteristics associated with clinical outcomes occurring within the year following revascularization were examined using Cox regression analysis. Results: A total of 262 patients received revascularization; 170 in the early approach and 92 in the delayed symptom- driven approach. Thirty-three patients had adverse outcomes (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization) during 1-year follow-up. The most important independent predictor of improved outcome during the follow-up year was attempted revascularization of ≥ 66% of vessels with significant stenosis for the early (risk ratio [RR] 0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.67) and the delayed (RR 0.21, CI 0.08-0.58) approaches. Factors such as age, stress test results, and coronary angiographic findings did not predict clinical outcome. Conclusions: Our findings are important in the planning of a large trial with longer follow-up.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of cardiac surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine