Factors Associated with Injurious Falls in Residential Care Facilities

Samuel D. Towne, Jinmyoung Cho, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G. Ory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Despite a growing literature on the epidemiology of falls, little is known about injurious falls in residential care facilities (RCFs). Addressing this gap, this study examined demographic, interpersonal, institutional, and community factors associated with injurious falls in RCFs. Method: We conducted analyses using a nationally representative sample (n = 733,309) of RCF residents (2010) examining whether or not a resident experienced a fall that resulted in any injury (past year). Results: Overall, 15% of RCF residents experienced an injurious fall. Residents needing assistance with activities of daily living were more likely to experience injurious falls (adjusted-OR = 1.85), whereas males (adjusted-OR = 0.74) and those residing in smaller facilities (adjusted-OR = 0.68) were less likely. Other resident sociodemographic characteristics, payment status, social connectedness, and rurality were not significant independent predictors. Discussion: Research further exploring multifactorial fall prevention screening and treatment programs in RCFs is recommended for reducing injurious falls in this understudied setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-687
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • falls
  • long-term care
  • older adults
  • residential care facilities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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