PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe a novel computerized diabetes education tool and explore factors influencing self-selection and use among primarily Hispanic patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in south Texas.
METHODS: Study participants included 953 adult patients with type 2 diabetes enrolled in a diabetes education program between July 1, 2016, and June 30, 2017. Participants were asked to choose either a new technology-based diabetes education tool with a touch-screen device or a traditional face-to-face education method. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to identify factors associated with adopting the computerized diabetes education tool among the patients.
RESULTS: When comparing technology-based tool adopters and nonadopters, several demographic and health-related factors differentiated technology use in bivariate analyses. The multivariate logistic regression model showed that Hispanic patients were less likely to choose a technology-based tool. Patients who perceived their health status as excellent/good were more likely to adopt the technologic education method than those with fair/poor perceived health status. A1C level was negatively associated with self-selection of technology.
CONCLUSIONS: Specific demographic and health-related characteristics are significant contributing factors to patients' adoption of a technology-based diabetes education tool. Health care providers can utilize these findings to target and refer specific patients to a computerized diabetes education tool for more effective diabetes care and to optimize technology adoption success.