Extrachromosomal DNA and the origin of oocytes in the telotrophic-meroistic ovary of Creophilus maxillosus (L.) (Staphylinidae, Coleoptera-Polyphaga)

Malgorzata Kloc, Bohdan Matuszewski

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23 Scopus citations


The development of the telotrophic ovary in the Staphylinid beetle, Creophilus maxillosus was examined. Cells, termed chordoblasts were identified in the germarium of 1-day-old pupae. Each of the chordoblasts undergoes a series of synchronous mitoses. Owing to the precise control of the cleavage plane, which is vertical to the long axis of the ovariole, each of the chordoblasts gives rise to a linear chain of sibling chordocytes. Extra DNA synthesis within each sibling string is usually limited to the most posterior chordocyte only, this being an oocyte progenitor. Divisions of the oocyte progenitor are differential mitoses in which the extra DNA material is transported preferentially towards the posterior pole of the spindle. As extra DNA synthesis and preferential segregation of this material result in gradual increase of this DNA in the nuclei of oocyte progenitors, cytokinesis of these cells becomes highly unequal, the larger of the two cells produced at each differential mitosis being as a rule the posterior cell, i.e. the oocyte progenitor of the next cell generation. As a resul of the series of differential mitoses each chordoblast gives rise to a number of nurse cells and only one definitive oocyte. It is suggested that somatic prefollicular tissue plays a decisive role in oocyte determination in the Coleopteran telotrophic ovary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-368
Number of pages18
JournalWilhelm Roux's Archives of Developmental Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1977


  • Differential mitosis
  • Extrachromosomal DNA
  • Oocyte differentiation
  • Telotrophic ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology


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