Exosomal mirnas as novel pharmacodynamic biomarkers for cancer chemopreventive agent early stage treatments in chemically induced mouse model of lung squamous cell carcinoma

Yu Zhou, Qi Zhang, Meijun Du, Donghai Xiong, Yian Wang, Altaf Mohammed, Ronald A. Lubet, Liang Wang, Ming You

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chemopreventive agent (CPA) treatment is one of the main preventive options for lung cancer. However, few studies have been done on pharmacodynamic biomarkers of known CPAs for lung cancer. Materials and methods: In this study, we treated mouse models of lung squamous cell carcinoma with three different CPAs (MEK inhibitor: AZD6244, PI-3K inhibitor: XL-147 and glucocorticoid: Budesonide) and examined circulating exosomal miRNAs in the plasma of each mouse before and after treatment. Results: Compared to baselines, we found differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs after AZD6244 treatment (n = 8, FDR < 0.05; n = 55, raw p-values < 0.05), after XL-147 treatment (n = 4, FDR < 0.05; n = 26, raw p-values < 0.05) and after Budesonide treatment (n = 1, FDR < 0.05; n = 36, raw p-values < 0.05). In co-expression analysis, we found that modules of exosomal miRNAs reacted to CPA treatments differently. By variable selection, we identified 11, 9 and nine exosomal miRNAs as predictors for AZD6244, XL-147 and Budesonide treatment, respectively. Integrating all the results, we highlighted 4 miRNAs (mmu-miR-215-5p, mmu-miR-204-5p, mmu-miR-708-3p and mmu-miR-1298-5p) as the key for AZD6244 treatment, mmu-miR-23a-3p as key for XL-147 treatment, and mmu-miR-125a-5p and mmu-miR-16-5p as key for Budesonide treatment. Conclusions: This is the first study to use circulating exosomal miRNAs as pharmacodynamic biomarkers for CPA treatment in lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number477
JournalCancers
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Chemopreventive agent
  • Exosomal miRNAs
  • Lung squamous cell carcinoma
  • Pharmacodynamic biomarkers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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