Executive control circuitry differentiates degree of success in weight loss following gastric-bypass surgery

Rachel L. Goldman, Melanie Canterberry, Jeffrey J. Borckardt, Alok Madan, T. Karl Byrne, Mark S. George, Patrick M. O'Neil, Colleen A. Hanlon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective While overall success rates of bariatric surgery are high, approximately 20% of patients either regain or never lose the expected amount of weight. The purpose of this study was to determine whether, after gastric-bypass surgery, the degree of weight loss can be differentiated based on the neural response to food cues. Design and Methods In this functional MRI study, 31 post-surgical patients viewed food and neutral images in two counterbalanced runs during which they were either instructed to "crave" or to "resist" craving. The neural response to food cues was assessed within and between runs for all participants, and further analyzed between more successful (n = 24) and less successful (n = 7) groups. More successful was defined by meeting 50% excess weight loss. Results Overall, instructions to "crave" elicited significant activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (PFC) whereas "resist" elicited significant activity in the dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC). Between groups there was no brain difference when instructed to "crave." The more successful participants however had significantly more activity in the DLPFC when instructed to "resist." Conclusions These findings suggest that the ability to mobilize neural circuits involved in executive control post-gastric-bypass surgery may be a unique component of successful outcome post-surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2189-2196
Number of pages8
JournalObesity
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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