Examining the impact of patient characteristics and symptomatology on knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among foreign-born tuberculosis cases in the US and Canada

Paul W Colson, G Lance Couzens, Rachel A Royce, Tracy Kline, Tamara Chavez-Lindell, Sharon Welbel, Jenny Pang, Amy Davidow, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Tuberculosis Epidemiologic Studies Consortium (TBESC)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Foreign-born individuals represent the majority of TB cases in the US/Canada. Little is known about their TB knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB). Cross-sectional survey was conducted in 22 sites in the US/Canada among foreign-born adults with active TB. Multiple regression was used to examine KAB factors against covariates. Of 1,475 participants interviewed, most answered the six knowledge items correctly. Significant predictors of correct knowledge included region of origin, education, income, age, visa status, place of diagnosis, BCG vaccination, and TB symptoms. Significant predictors of higher perceived risk/stigma scores included region of origin, age, place of diagnosis, English fluency, time in the US/Canada, TB symptoms, and household rooms. This study examines associations between TB KAB and patient and disease characteristics in foreign-born individuals in the US/Canada. The findings call for improved health education, along with efforts to reduce stigma and enhance realistic risk assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-35
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Canada
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Demography
  • Emigrants and Immigrants
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Tuberculosis
  • United States

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Examining the impact of patient characteristics and symptomatology on knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among foreign-born tuberculosis cases in the US and Canada'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this