Examining Race-Based Discrimination, Depression, and Occupational Stress in Black Registered Nurses

Arica Brandford, Anita Fernander, Mary Kay Rayens, Gia Mudd-Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nursing is a highly stressful and demanding profession that can negatively affect mental health, as shown by nurses' high rate of depression. Furthermore, Black nurses may experience additional stress due to race-based discrimination in the work environment. This research aimed to examine depression, experiences of race-based discrimination at work, and occupational stress among Black nurses. To better understand associations between these factors, we conducted multiple linear regression analyses to assess whether (1) past-year or lifetime experiences of race-based discrimination at work and occupational stress predicted depressive symptoms; and (2) controlling for depressive symptoms, past-year and lifetime experiences of race-based discrimination at work predicted occupational stress in a cohort of Black registered nurses. All analyses controlled for years of nursing experience, primary nursing practice position, work setting, and work shift. The results indicated that both past-year and lifetime experiences of race-based discrimination on the job were significant predictors of occupational stress. However, experiences of race-based discrimination at work and occupational stress were not significant predictors of depression. The results of the research highlighted the predictive effect of race-based discrimination on occupational stress in Black registered nurses. This evidence can inform the development of organizational and leadership strategies to improve the well-being of Black nurses in the workplace.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-135
Number of pages10
JournalNursing Administration Quarterly
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

Keywords

  • Black nurses
  • depression
  • occupational stress
  • race-based discrimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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