GTP-binding proteins have been shown to serve as second messengers in the transduction of hormone signals across animal cell plasma membranes. We present here three lines of evidence to demonstrate that GTP-binding proteins are also involved in the elicitation of the defense response of cultured soybean cells. First, the antigen-binding fragment (Fab) of an antibody that specifically recognizes GTP-binding proteins in plants and animals was delivered into soybean cells using a non-destructive biotin-mediated delivery technique developed previously. Internalization of this Fab enhanced up to 10-fold the rapid oxidative burst induced by elicitor molecules, whereas internalization of its heat-denatured counterpart or unrelated proteins had no effect. Because the antibody recognizes a protein of molecular mass ∼ 45 kDa in soybean cell membranes that is protected from ADP-ribosylation by GTPγS (guanosine 5′-O-(thiotriphosphate), we propose the 45-kDa GTP-binding protein is responsible for these effects. Second, mastoparan, a specific activator of GTP-binding proteins, was shown to induce the defense-related oxidative burst in the absence of elicitor stimulation, thus mimicking an activated receptor as it is thought to do in mammalian systems. Finally, but admittedly less convincing, the A subunit of cholera toxin, an activator of certain stimulatory GTP-binding proteins (Gs), was found to weakly enhance the conventional elicitor-induced oxidative burst. Taken together, these data argue for the involvement of GTP-binding proteins in elicitor signal transduction in soybean cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology