The new API 20C yeast identification system together with appropriate microscopic morphology determinations achieved a 97% correlation with a rapid conventional method. Whereas a group composed of Candida, Torulopsis, Saccharomyces, and Rhodotorula was identified with ease (98% overall correlation), a second group, containing Cryptococcus, Trichosporon, and Geotrichum species, appeared to give the system the most difficulty (90% correlation). Within this group particular difficulty was encountered in identifying varieties of Cryptococcus albidus, C. terreus, C. laurentii, Trichosporon beigelli, and Geotrichum spp. as to species. The API 20C system should be incubated the full 72 h prescribed by the manufacturer. However, when used in conjunction with apropriate morphological tests, presumptive identifications of some Candida and Torulopsis species may be made at 24 to 48 h. To facilitate identifications of the more difficult group of yeasts, ancillary tests for determining nitrate reductase, urease, and phenol oxidase activities should be considered as additions to the strip. Incorporating the phenol oxidase test would be especially important for identification of Cryptococcus neoformans, a yeast which should be identified as quickly and as accurately as possible. The API 20C system with computer assistance has proved to be an easy-to-inoculate, versatile, and fairly rapid method of yeast identification, giving results comparable to those obtained by conventional methodologies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)