Evaluation of the antigenic relatedness and cross-protective immunity of the neuraminidase between human influenza A (H1N1) virus and highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus

Xiuhua Lu, Feng Liu, Hui Zeng, Tiffany Sheu, Jenna E. Achenbach, Vic Veguilla, Larisa V. Gubareva, Rebecca Garten, Catherine Smith, Hua Yang, James Stevens, Xiyan Xu, Jacqueline M. Katz, Terrence M. Tumpey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the genetic and antigenic relatedness as well as the cross-protective immunity of human H1N1 and avian H5N1 influenza virus neuraminidase (NA), we immunized rabbits with either a baculovirus-expressed recombinant NA from A/Beijing/262/95 (BJ/262) H1N1 or A/Hong Kong/483/97 (HK/483) H5N1 virus. Cross-reactive antibody responses were evaluated by multiple serological assays and cross-protection against H5N1 virus challenge was evaluated in mice. In a neuraminidase inhibition (NI) test, the antisera exhibited substantial inhibition of NA activity of the homologous virus, but failed to inhibit the NA activity of heterologous virus. However, these antisera exhibited low levels of cross-reactivity measured by plaque size reduction, replication inhibition, single radial hemolysis, and ELISA assays. Passive immunization with HK/483 NA-specific antisera significantly reduced virus replication and disease, and afforded almost complete protection against lethal homologous virus challenge in mice. However, passive immunization with BJ/262 (H1N1) NA-specific antisera was ineffective at providing cross-protection against lethal H5N1 virus challenge and only slightly reduced weight loss. Substantial amino acid variation among the NA antigenic sites was observed between BJ/262 and HK/483 virus, which was consistent with the lack of cross-reactive NI activity by the antibody and limited cross-protective immunity in mice. These results show a strong correlation between the lack of cross-protective immunity and low structural similarities of NA from a human seasonal H1N1 virus and an avian H5N1 influenza virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalVirology
Volume454-455
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Anti-neuraminidase antibodies
  • Antigenic and genetic analyses
  • BALB/c mice
  • Cross-protective immunity
  • Influenza virus
  • Passive immunization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of the antigenic relatedness and cross-protective immunity of the neuraminidase between human influenza A (H1N1) virus and highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this