Evaluating patient outcomes in breast and abdominal cosmetic plastic surgery procedures involving residents

Ariel J. Ourian, Andres F. Doval, Dmitry Zavlin, Vishwanath Chegireddy, Anthony Echo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hands-on training and exposure to cosmetic surgery is an integral part of plastic surgery residency. However, resident participation in cosmetic surgical cases is often limited in many training programs. Furthermore, the effect of resident participation in cosmetic surgery is poorly defined. Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of resident involvement on outcomes in cosmetic plastic surgery procedures, with a focus on breast and abdominal surgeries. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was performed to identify all patients undergoing cosmetic breast and abdominal surgical procedures by plastic surgeons over a 4-year period (2009-2012). Multivariate regression models were constructed to determine any association between resident participation and surgical outcomes. Results: A total of 6982 patients were included in the analysis. Cases with resident involvement had higher rates of superficial surgical site infection (P < 0.0001), wound dehiscence (P = 0.014), and an increase in mean length of hospital stay (P = 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that the increased rate of superficial surgical site infection was associated with a higher body mass index and with the involvement of a resident during the surgical procedure. Conclusions: This study provides further evidence to support the claim that resident involvement in cosmetic surgery is safe, with little effect on the rates of major complications. Any increase in minor complication rates must be critically analyzed with respect to the valuable surgical experience gathered by the next generation of surgeons. Level of Evidence: 2:

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)572-578
Number of pages7
JournalAesthetic surgery journal
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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