Evaluating dermal myelinated nerve fibers in skin biopsy

M. Iliza Myers, Amanda C. Peltier, Jun Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Although there has been extensive research on small, unmyelinated fibers in the skin, little research has investigated dermal myelinated fibers in comparison. Glabrous, nonhairy skin contains mechanoreceptors that afford a vantage point for observation of myelinated fibers that have previously been seen only with invasively obtained nerve biopsies. This review discusses current morphometric and molecular expression data of normative and pathogenic glabrous skin obtained by various processing and analysis methods for cutaneous myelinated fibers. Recent publications have shed light on the role of glabrous skin biopsy in identifying signs of peripheral neuropathy and as a potential biomarker of distal myelin and mechanoreceptor integrity. The clinical relevance of a better understanding of the role of dermal myelinated nerve terminations in peripheral neuropathy will be addressed in light of recent publications in the growing field of skin biopsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Glabrous skin biopsy
  • Meissner corpuscles
  • Molecular architecture
  • Myelinated nerve fibers
  • Peripheral neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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