OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of advanced practice provider (APP)-performed newborn circumcisions (NBCs), we reviewed outcomes of NBCs performed by pediatric urologists and APPs. We hypothesize comparable clinical outcomes between the groups. METHODS: All urology performed NBCs during a 5-year period were reviewed, including time surrounding implementation of the APP-led clinic. Return to emergency department (ED) rates, return to operating room (OR) rates, and intraprocedure bleeding requiring intervention were reviewed. Fisher exact and Mann-Whitney testing were utilized. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in rates of intraprocedure bleeding, return to ED in 30days, return to OR for revision or other related penile surgery, or the overall number of patients with complications between the groups. Thirteen patients had complications in the APP cohort, compared to 8 in the urologist cohort. There was a difference in age and weight, with urologists performing NBCs on older and heavier patients. There was no difference in clinical outcomes between children over and under 10 pounds (4.5 kg). There was a significant difference in the need for revision circumcision when comparing children older vs younger than 30days (1.9% vs 0%, P = 0.034). CONCLUSION: An APP-led NBC clinic is both safe and feasible. The widely used age and weight cutoffs for NBC need to be further evaluated, as there was no significant difference in clinical outcomes. This practice design provides pediatric urologists more time to focus on the most complex patients, both in the clinic and OR.
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