Etiology and management of postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding after orthotopic liver transplantation

Y. Ma, Xiao Shun He, Xiao Feng Zhu, Guo Dong Wang, Dong Ping Wang, An Bin Hu, Wei Qiang Ju, Lin Wei Wu, Qiang Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the causes and treatment of postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS: Clinical data of 776 patients after OLT between January 2000 and December 2006 were analyzed retrospectively.The experiences in diagnosis and treatment of postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding after OLT were reviewed. RESULTS: Gastrointestinal bleeding occurred in 18 patients (2.3%) after OLT, among whom 8 (44.5%) were from peptic ulcer, 3 (16.7%) from gastric and esophageal varices, 3 (16.7%) from gastroduodenitis, 3 (16.7%) from hemobilia, and 1 (5.6%) had diverticular bleeding in the jejunum. These 18 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding were managed with conservative treatment, endoscopic treatment, radiological interventional embolism,or exploratory laparotomy. Five patients died of gastrointestinal bleeding and the gastrointestinal bleeding-related mortality rate was 27.8%. After a mean follow up of 3.5 years, only 1 patient died of recurrence of hepatic cellular carcinoma while others survived disease-free. CONCLUSIONS: Gastrointestinal bleeding may occur from different sites after OLT and the mortality is high. Prompt identification of the source of bleeding and correct management are required to improve the prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-28
Number of pages3
JournalZhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
Volume13
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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