Estrogen receptors: new players in diabetes mellitus

Rodrigo P.A. Barros, Ubiratan Fabres Machado, Jan Åke Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations


Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a systemic disease characterized by imbalance of energy metabolism, which is mainly caused by inadequate insulin action. Recent data have revealed a surprising role for estradiol in regulating energy metabolism and opened new insights into the role of the two estrogen receptors, ERα and ERβ, in this context. New findings on gene modulation by ERα and ERβ of insulin-sensitive tissues indicate that estradiol participates in glucose homeostasis by modulating the expression of genes that are involved in insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake. Drugs that can selectively modulate the activity of either ERα or ERβ in their interactions with target genes represent a promising frontier in diabetes mellitus coadjuvant therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-431
Number of pages7
JournalTrends in Molecular Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology


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