Estrogen Receptor Functional Activity Changes during Differentiation of Mammary Epithelial Cells

Malin Hedengran Faulds, Hanne Olsen, Luisa A. Helguero, Jan Åke Gustafsson, Lars Arne Haldosén

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Mammary gland development involves complex cycles of proliferation, differentiation, and morphogenesis, regulated by hormones including estrogens, prolactin (PRL), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). The mouse mammary epithelial cell line HC11 has been shown to be valuable for investigations of differentiation of mammary gland. In this study, we show that HC11 cells express estrogen receptor (ER)α and ERβ proteins at all developmental stages. We have established two different stable HC11 cell lines; H-estrogen response element (ERE) containing an ERE-reporter and H-Bc containing a β-casein reporter. Transcription of the ERE-reporter was activated only in proliferating cells in the presence of EGF. When the cells entered the differentiation program, in the absence of EGF, estradiol-induced transcription of the ERE reporter was repressed, and similar results were obtained when MAPK signaling was inhibited in proliferating cells. We propose that these findings are related to changes in ER corepressor levels, regulated by EGF. We also report that the β-casein reporter was activated in terminally differentiated cells and that this induction was effectively repressed by estradiol treatment. Finally, we show a physical interaction between endogenous ERα and signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 in differentiated HC11 cells. In summary, our results show that ER functional activity changes during differentiation of HC11 cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-421
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology


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