Estrogen receptor b-mediated inhibition of actin-based cell migration suppresses metastasis of inflammatory breast cancer

Christoforos Thomas, Ilias V. Karagounis, Ratnesh K. Srivastava, Nicholas Vrettos, Fotis Nikolos, Noelle Francois, Menggui Huang, Siliang Gong, Qi Long, Sushil Kumar, Constantinos Koumenis, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Naoto T. Ueno, Rumela Chakrabarti, Amit Maity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a highly metastatic breast carcinoma with high frequency of estrogen receptor a (ERa) negativity. Here we explored the role of the second ER subtype, ERb, and report expression in IBC tumors and its correlation with reduced metastasis. Ablation of ERb in IBC cells promoted cell migration and activated gene networks that control actin reorganization, including G-protein–coupled receptors and downstream effectors that activate Rho GTPases. Analysis of preclinical mouse models of IBC revealed decreased metastasis of IBC tumors when ERb was expressed or activated by chemical agonists. Our findings support a tumor-suppressive role of ERb by demonstrating the ability of the receptor to inhibit dissemination of IBC cells and prevent metastasis. On the basis of these findings, we propose ERb as a potentially novel biomarker and therapeutic target that can inhibit IBC metastasis and reduce its associated mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2399-2414
Number of pages16
JournalCancer research
Volume81
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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