Establishment and Characterization of SV40 T-Antigen Immortalized Human Esophageal Epithelial Cells

Gary D. Stoner, Zenya Naito, Ming You, Anthony J. Calati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations


Normal human esophageal autopsy tissue was explanted in serum-free medium. The epithelial outgrowths were subcultured and then transfected by strontium phosphate coprecipitation with plasmiti pRSV-T consisting of the RSV-LTR promoter and the sequence encoding the simian virus 40 large T-antigen. The transfected cells, but not the sham-transfected controls, formed multilayered colonies within 3-4 weeks, after which the colonies were transferred and cell strains (HE-451 and HE-457) devel oped. Both cell strains grew exponentially for 8-10 weeks and then senesced. After a “crisis” of 6-8 months, growth resumed in isolated colonies. One line, HET-1A from HE-457, was developed and has now undergone more than 250 population doublings. This line has retained epithelial morphology, stains positively for cytokeratins and the simian virus 40 T-antigen gene by immunofluorescence, and has remained nontumorigenic in atliymic. nude mice for more than 12 months. Karyotypic analysis by Giemsa banding has shown that HET-1A is hypodiploid (34- 40 chromosomes). Growth factor studies have shown that HET-1A is stimulated by Àa2*, and inhibited by fetal bovine serum, transforming growth factor-/?], and transforming growth factor-ft. This serum-free immortalized esophageal cell system will be useful for investigating the action of putative esophageal carcinogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalCancer research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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