Establishing a regional pediatric trauma preventable/potentially preventable death rate

Stacy A. Drake, John B. Holcomb, Yijiong Yang, Caitlin Thetford, Lauren Myers, Morgan Brock, Dwayne Wolf, David Persse, Bindi J. Naik-Mathuria, Charles E. Wade, Matthew T. Harting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Although trauma is the leading cause of death for the pediatric population, few studies have addressed the preventable/potentially preventable death rate (PPPDR) attributable to trauma. Methods: This is a retrospective study of trauma-related death records occurring in Harris County, Texas in 2014. Descriptive and Chi-squared tests were conducted for two groups, pediatric and adult trauma deaths in relation to demographic characteristics, mechanism of injury, death location and survival time. Results: There were 105 pediatric (age < 18 years) and 1738 adult patients. The PPPDR for the pediatric group was 21.0%, whereas the PPPDR for the adult group was 37.2% (p = 0.001). Analysis showed fewer preventable/potentially preventable (P/PP) deaths resulting from any blunt trauma mechanism in the pediatric population than in the adult population (19.6% vs. 48.4%, p < 0.001). Amongst the pediatric population, P/PP traumatic brain injury (TBI) were more common in the youngest age range (age 0–5) vs. the older (6–12 years) pediatric and adolescent (13–17 years) patients. Conclusion: Our results identify areas of opportunities for improving pediatric trauma care. Although the overall P/PP death rate is lower in the pediatric population than the adult, opportunities for improving initial acute care, particularly TBI, exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-189
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Surgery International
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • Injury
  • Mortality data
  • Pediatric trauma
  • Pediatric trauma death
  • Trauma systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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