ERCP-related perforations in the new millennium: A large tertiary referral center 10-year experience

Sudha Kodali, Klaus Mönkemüller, Hwasoon Kim, Jayapal Ramesh, Jessica Trevino, Shyam Varadarajulu, C. Mel Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an important diagnostic and therapeutic modality for pancreatic and biliary disorders. Perforation is one of the most dreaded complications of ERCP. Since it is uncommon, there has been little study of incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of management. Objectives: We aim to assess the incidence of ERCP-related perforations and outcomes at a large tertiary referral center. Methods: We undertook a review of an ERCP database for all perforations from 2002 to December 2012. Results: The cumulative incidence of ERCP-related perforations was 0.14% (12 out of 8264), and sphincterotomy-related perforations constituted the most common cause. The mean age of these 12 patients was 58.6 years and majority were female (83.3%). The most common indications for ERCP were: suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) 41%, and common bile duct stones (CBD stones) 41%. Nine of the 12 patients (75%) had a leak and were managed medically, and four who had a perforation had surgical repair (25%). Conclusions: In our study, leaks were much more common than perforations and the majority of patients were successfully managed with conservative therapy alone. We report a very low perforation rate and most perforations can be managed conservatively with a good outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2015


  • ERCP complication
  • ERCP leak
  • ERCP perforation
  • ERCP perforation management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology


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