ERβ in CNS: New roles in development and function

Xiaotang Fan, Haiwei Xu, Margaret Warner, Jan Ake Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Estrogen acting through two estrogen receptors (ERs), ERα and ERβ, regulates multiple functions in the central nervous system. Studies in rodent brains have revealed that ERα is the predominant ER in the hypothalamus and controls reproduction. ERβ influences on non-reproductive processes and appears to be the main ER subtype expressed in the cerebral cortex, the hippocampus, the cerebellum and the dorsal raphe. During embryogenesis, estrogen plays an important role in brain development regulating maturation of distinct brain structures, thereby contributing to modulation of the function of these structures. Studies on the brains of ERβ knockout mice revealed that, during embryonic brain development, ERβ affects cortical layering and interneuron migration, thus playing a key role in brain morphogenesis. This chapter will focus on the roles of ERβ in several aspects of the development and function of the mammalian central nervous system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-250
Number of pages18
JournalProgress in Brain Research
Volume181
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Development
  • Erb
  • Hippocampus
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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