ERβ binds N-CoR in the presence of estrogens via an LXXLL-like motif in the N-CoR C-terminus

Paul Webb, Cathleen Valentine, Phuong Nguyen, Richard H. Price, Adhirai Marimuthu, Brian L. West, John D. Baxter, Peter J. Kushner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Nuclear receptors (NRs) usually bind the corepressors N-CoR and SMRT in the absence of ligand or in the presence of antagonists. Agonist binding leads to corepressor release and recruitment of coactivators. Here, we report that estrogen receptor β (ERβ) binds N-CoR and SMRT in the presence of agonists, but not antagonists, in vitro and in vivo. This ligand preference differs from that of ERα interactions with corepressors, which are inhibited by estradiol, and resembles that of ERβ interactions with coactivators. ERβ /N-CoR interactions involve ERβ AF-2, which also mediates coactivator recognition. Moreover, ERβ recognizes a sequence (PLTIRML) in the N-CoR C-terminus that resembles coactivator LXXLL motifs. Inhibition of histone deacetylase activity specifically potentiates ERβ LBD activity, suggesting that corepressors restrict the activity of AF-2. We conclude that the ER isoforms show completely distinct modes of interaction with a physiologically important corepressor and discuss our results in terms of ER isoform specificity in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
JournalNuclear Receptor
StatePublished - Jun 28 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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