An Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cell line derived from a patient with severe combined immunodeficiency who died of a lymphoreticular malignancy has been characterized. The line derived from bone marrow cultures and designated DV-1 shows surface and cytoplasmic IgM and staining with fluorescent monoclonal antibodies against immunoglobulin heavy and light chains μ, δ, and κ, Dr, and several other B-cell surface antigens. DV-1 secretes IgM(κ) and demonstrates monoclonality on analysis of immunoglobulin heavy and light chain gene rearrangement patterns. Incubation with either phytohemagglutinin or pokeweed mitogen failed to cause significant stimulation of proliferation of DV-1 and another EBV-transformed B-cell line derived from an immunologically normal host (LA-350), whereas incubation with Staphylococcus aureus Cowan strain 1 led to significant inhibition of DV-1 and LA-350. Rabbit IgG antibody specific for human immunoglobulin μ-chains produced a dose dependent stimulation of both lines. The responses of DV-1 and LA-350 to mitogens and anti-μ were not as high as those of normal peripheral blood lymphocytes. This spontaneously derived Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cell line from a patient with severe combined immunodeficiency demonstrated functional characteristics similar to a B-cell line derived from an immune competent host. While these cells spontaneously incorporate 200 times more thymidine than normal resting peripheral blood lymphocytes, they retain their ability to be modulated by antiimmunoglobulin, and staphylococcal Cowan strain 1, but are unresponsive to the effects of B-cell growth factor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health