(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate regulates dopamine transporter internalization via protein kinase C-dependent pathway

Rui Li, Ning Peng, Xu ping Li, Wei dong Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dopamine transporter (DAT) provides not only an integral component of dopaminergic neurotransmission but also a molecular gateway for the accumulation of some neurotoxins such as 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), a metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Previous study reported that the neuroprotective effects of green tea polyphenols against MPP+-induced neurotoxicity were related to its inhibitory effect on MPP+ uptake via DAT in dopaminergic cells. To extend the study, we investigated (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a monomer of green tea polyphenols, on DAT internalization in DAT-overexpressed PC12 cells. We found that EGCG (1-100 μM) can induce a dose-dependent inhibition of dopamine uptake in DAT-PC12 cells. In parallel, treatment of EGCG decreased membrane-bound DAT by 15% to 60%. Furthermore, protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X at 2 μM can markedly diminish the inhibitory effects of EGCG on dopamine uptake and reverse the EGCG-induced internalization of DAT. In addition, semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis indicated that EGCG did not affect DAT mRNA expression in the PC12 cells. These data suggest that EGCG exerts its inhibitory effect on DAT by modulating DAT internalization, in which PKC activation may be involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-89
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Volume1097
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2006

Keywords

  • Dopamine transporter
  • Green tea polyphenol
  • Membrane trafficking
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Protein kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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