Enhancement of drug susceptibility of multi-drug resistant strains of mycobacterium tuberculosis by ethambutol and dimethyl sulphoxide

Chinnaswamy Jagannath, Venkata M. Reddy, Pattisapu R.J. Gangadharam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Strategies to augments conventional methods of drug delivery in treatment of multiple drug resistant tuberculosis are needed to achieve optimum results with available drugs. We have studied the effect of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MIC) of ethambutol and dimethyl sulphoxide on drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains both in vitro and in macrophages. At sub-MIC ethambutol between caused four and 64 fold increase in susceptibility to isoniazid rifampicin and streoptomycin in four M. tuberculosis strains, resistant to these drugs. Incubation of the organisms with isoniazid and sub-MIC of dimethyl sulphoxide (2·5%) resulted in aneight-fold increase in susceptibility to the drug. Previous exposure of the organisms to sub-MIC of dimethyl sulphoxide also caused similar enhancement of susceptibility. Both ethambutol and dimethyl sulphoxide at the sub-MIC of sulphoxide alsocaused similar enhancement of susceptibility. Both ethambutol and dimethyl sulphoxide at the sub-MIC enhanced the activity of the anti-tuberculosis drugs against multiple drug resistant M. tuberculosis strains growing inside macrophages. Our data indicate that the agents which modify cell wall permeability can enhance the susceptibility of multipledrug resistant strains to drugs to which they were originally resistant. This could provide a new approach to treating drug resistant tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-390
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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