Enhanced detection of human IL-5 in biological fluids utilizing murine monoclonal antibodies which delineate distinct neutralizing epitopes

Richard R. Dickason, Marilyn M. Huston, David P. Huston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interleukin 5 (IL-5) is a homodimeric cytokine arranged in a head-to-tail configuration covalently linked by two disulfide bonds. IL-5 has pleiotropic effects on murine and human leukocytes and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory disorders. To facilitate the study of functionally relevant IL-5 domains involved in receptor binding and to develop a highly sensitive and specific ELISA capable of detecting IL-5 in biological fluids, a library of murine anti-human IL-5 (hIL-5) mAb was generated to baculovirus expressed recombinant hIL-5 (rhIL-5). Fifteen subclones of seven hybridomas were characterized. All mAb bound hIL-5, but not murine IL-5 (mIL-5), and neutralized hIL-5 biological activity in the BCI1 proliferation assay. By competitive ELISA, the mAb were divided into two binding groups. Utilizing comparative analysis with TRFK-5, a rat anti-mIL-5 mAb crossreactive with hIL-5, at least three hIL-5 neutralizing epitopes were defined. By ELISA and Western analysis, each epitope was shown to be present as a conformationally identical pair on the hIL-5 dimer. Various combinations of mAb in sandwich ELISA were used to predict the relative proximity of each epitope pair. Utilizing mAb binding characteristics, highly sensitive and specific sandwich ELISA were developed with a minimum detection limit of 6.25 pg hIL-5/ml (P < 0.05). Quantitation of hIL-5 in both serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid demonstrated the utility of these anti-hIL-5 mAb for investigating the role of hIL-5 in inflammation. These mAb should also serve as useful reagents for epitope mapping of functional hIL-5 domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-656
Number of pages10
JournalCytokine
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • conformational epitope
  • human interleukin 5
  • monoclonal antibody
  • sandwich ELISA
  • Western

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

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