BACKGROUND: MicroRNA (miR) dysregulation in the myocardium has been implicated in cardiac remodeling after injury or stress.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the role of miR in human CD34(+) cell (hCD34(+)) dysfunction in vivo after transplantation into the myocardium under ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) conditions.
METHODS: In response to inflammatory stimuli, the miR array profile of endothelial progenitor cells was analyzed using a polymerase chain reaction-based miR microarray. miR-377 expression was assessed in myocardial tissue from human patients with heart failure (HF). We investigated the effect of miR-377 inhibition on an hCD34(+) cell angiogenic proteome profile in vitro and on cardiac repair and function after I-R injury in immunodeficient mice.
RESULTS: The miR array data from endothelial progenitor cells in response to inflammatory stimuli indicated changes in numerous miR, with a robust decrease in the levels of miR-377. Human cardiac biopsies from patients with HF showed significant increases in miR-377 expression compared with nonfailing control hearts. The proteome profile of hCD34(+) cells transfected with miR-377 mimics showed significant decrease in the levels of proangiogenic proteins versus nonspecific control-transfected cells. We also validated that serine/threonine kinase 35 is a target of miR-377 using a dual luciferase reporter assay. In a mouse model of myocardial I-R, intramyocardial transplantation of miR-377 silenced hCD34(+) cells in immunodeficient mice, promoting neovascularization (at 28 days, post-I-R) and lower interstitial fibrosis, leading to improved left ventricular function.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that HF increased miR-377 expression in the myocardium, which is detrimental to stem cell function, and transplantation of miR-377 knockdown hCD34(+) cells into ischemic myocardium promoted their angiogenic ability, attenuating left ventricular remodeling and cardiac fibrosis.
- endothelial progenitor cells
- heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine