Engineered Nanoplatelets for Targeted Delivery of Plasminogen Activators to Reverse Thrombus in Multiple Mouse Thrombosis Models

Junchao Xu, Yinlong Zhang, Jiaqi Xu, Guangna Liu, Chunzhi Di, Xiao Zhao, Xiang Li, Yao Li, Ningbo Pang, Chengzhi Yang, Yanyi Li, Bozhao Li, Zefang Lu, Meifang Wang, Kesheng Dai, Rong Yan, Suping Li, Guangjun Nie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rapid cut-off of blood supply in diseases involving thrombosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, the current thrombolysis strategies offer limited results due to the therapeutics' short half-lives, low targeting ability, and unexpected bleeding complications. Inspired by the innate roles of platelets in hemostasis and pathological thrombus, platelet membrane-camouflaged polymeric nanoparticles (nanoplatelets) are developed for targeting delivery of the thrombolytic drug, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), to local thrombus sites. The tailor-designed nanoplatelets efficiently accumulate at the thrombi in pulmonary embolism and mesenteric arterial thrombosis model mice, eliciting a significantly enhanced thrombolysis activity compared to free rt-PA. In addition, the nanoplatelets exhibit improved therapeutic efficacy over free rt-PA in an ischemic stroke model. Analysis of in vivo coagulation indicators suggests the nanoplatelets might possess a low risk of bleeding complications. The hybrid biomimetic nanoplatelets described offer a promising solution to improve the efficacy and reduce the bleeding risk of thrombolytic therapy in a broad spectrum of thrombosis diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1905145
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • nanoplatelets
  • plasminogen activators
  • targeted drug delivery
  • thrombus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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