Engineered manganese oxide nanocrystals for enhanced uranyl sorption and separation

Seung Soo Lee, Wenlu Li, Changwoo Kim, Minjung Cho, Jeffrey G. Catalano, Brandon J. Lafferty, Paolo Decuzzi, John D. Fortner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

For the first time, this work develops and demonstrates precisely engineered manganese oxide nanoscale particles for the sorption of uranium, as uranyl, in water. Size controlled monodisperse nanocrystalline manganese oxides (12 to 28 nm) were systematically synthesized via thermal decomposition of manganese oleate and phase-transferred into water by ligand exchange and bilayer stabilization methods. Resulting monodisperse suspensions demonstrate significantly enhanced uranyl adsorption as a function of size, surface coating chemistries, and solution pH. In particular, 12 nm particles coated with the unsaturated-unsaturated carbon chains linked bilayers, (e.g. oleic acid-oleyl phosphate linked bilayer coatings) have binding capacities well over 600 mg U per g of Mn, which is the highest reported uranium sorption capacity for any manganese based sorbent to date. Further, we spectrally identify significant uranyl reduction as part of the adsorption mechanism(s) for high capacity materials. Last, oleyl-based (phosphate and carboxylic) functionalized bilayered nanocrystals were extremely stable in the presence of high ionic strength/type (>800 mM); calcium (>19 mM), including the presence of uranyl cations (from 0.1 to 60 ppm). Taken together, these data demonstrate the potential for engineered monodisperse manganese oxide nanocrystals as ultra-high capacity platform sorbent materials for uranium separation at environmentally relevant ionic strengths and pH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-508
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science: Nano
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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