Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction has been demonstrated in patients with Continuous Flow-Left Ventricular Assist Devices (CF-LVADs) but association with adverse events has not been shown. We used a noninvasive, operator-independent device called VENDYS to assess vasodilatory function based on digital thermal measurements postrelease of a brachial artery occlusion in ambulatory patients with CF-LVAD (n = 56). Aortic valve opening and pulse perception were also documented before the test. Median duration of CF-LVAD support was 438 days. The VENDYS test generates a vascular reactivity index (VRI). Outcomes for the CF-LVAD patients were compared between VRI < 1 and VRI ≥ 1. The bleeding events were driven primarily by a difference in neurologic bleeds. Multivariate analysis showed that VRI < 1 correlated with future bleeding events (HR: 5.56; P = 0.01). The C-statistic with the VRI dichotomized as above was 0.82. There was a trend toward a worse survival in patients with poor endothelial function. Endothelial vasodilatory dysfunction measured by a simple test utilizing digital thermal monitoring can predict adverse bleeding events in patients with CF-LVADs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Oct 14 2020

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