Endoscopic ultrasound as an adjunctive evaluation in patients with esophageal motor disorders subtyped by high-resolution manometry

K. Krishnan, C. Y. Lin, R. Keswani, J. E. Pandolfino, P. J. Kahrilas, S. Komanduri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Esophageal motor disorders are a heterogeneous group of conditions identified by esophageal manometry that lead to esophageal dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the further evaluation of patients with esophageal motor disorders categorized using the updated Chicago Classification. Methods: We performed a retrospective, single center study of 62 patients with esophageal motor disorders categorized according to the Chicago Classification. All patients underwent standard radial endosonography to assess for extra-esophageal findings or alternative explanations for esophageal outflow obstruction. Secondary outcomes included esophageal wall thickness among the different patient subsets within the Chicago Classification. Key Results: EUS identified 9/62 (15%) clinically relevant findings that altered patient management and explained the etiology of esophageal outflow obstruction. We further identified substantial variability in esophageal wall thickness in a proportion of patients including some with a significantly thickened non-muscular layer. Conclusions & Inferences: EUS findings are clinically relevant in a significant number of patients with motor disorders and can alter clinical management. Variability in esophageal wall thickness of the muscularis propria and non-muscular layers identified by EUS may also explain the observed variability in response to standard therapies for achalasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1178
Number of pages7
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Achalasia
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Esophageal manometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

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