Various approaches for enteral access exist, but because there is no single best approach it should be tailored to the needs of the patient. This article discusses the various enteral access techniques for nasoenteric tubes, gastrostomy, gastrojejunostomy, and direct jejunostomy as well as their indications, contraindications, and pitfalls. Also discussed is enteral access in altered anatomy. In addition, complications associated with these endoscopic techniques and how to either prevent or properly manage them are reviewed.
- Endoscopic feeding access
- Nasoenteric feeding catheters
- Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
- Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas