Endoglin (CD105): A marker of tumor vasculature and potential target for therapy

Nikolaos A. Dallas, Shaija Samuel, Ling Xia, Fan Fan, Michael J. Gray, Sherry J. Lim, Lee M. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

276 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endoglin (CD105) is an accessory protein of the transforming growth factor-β receptor system expressed on vascular endothelial cells. Mutation of the endoglin gene is associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasias, or Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, and has been studied extensively in the context of this disease. The expression of endoglin is elevated on the endothelial cells of healing wounds, developing embryos, inflammatory tissues, and solid tumors. Endoglin is a marker of activated endothelium, and its vascular expression is limited to proliferating cells. Recent studies identified endoglin expression in several solid tumor types, with the level of expression correlating with various clinicopathologic factors including decreased survival and presence of metastases. Attempts to target endoglin and the cells that express this protein in tumor-bearing mice have yielded promising results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1931-1937
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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