Embryonic stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cell transplantation for acute liver failure

An Bin Hu, Xiaoshun He, Qi Chang Zheng, Ji Ye Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Effects of embryonic stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cell transplantation on oncogenicity of differentiated hepatocyte-like cells and biochemical metabolism of liver should be further studied. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of embryonic stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cell transplantation on the acute liver failure. Design: Randomized controlled study. Setting: the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Materials: This study was performed at the Central Laboratory, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2005 to February 2006. D3-ES cells extracted from the mice which underwent transfection of green fluorescent protein were graciously presented by professor Huang, Ophthalmology Center of Sun Yat-sen University. Forty 6-week-old D3-129 mice of clean grade and irrespective of gender were provided by Experimental Animal Center of Sun Yat-sen University [certification: SCXK (yue) 2004-0011]. The experimental animals were disposed according to ethical criteria. Transforming growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and hepatocyte growth factor were provided by Gibco BRL Company, USA. Methods: Transforming growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and hepatocyte growth factor were combined to differentiate D3-ES cells into hepatic cells. Cell suspension was poured into liver capsule of 20 mice with 2.0×106 cells per mouse. Another 20 mice that determined as the controls were injected with saline. Twenty-four hours later, intraperitoneal injection of 5 μ L/20 g carbon tetrachloride was used to induce acute liver failure and to observe quality of life and mean survival time. Twenty-four hours after acute liver failure, vena cava posterior blood was drawn to detect total bilirubin, glutamate-pyruvate transaminase, albumin, blood glucose, pro-time prothrombin time, and other hepatic functional parameters. By scarification, hepatic samples were obtained to evaluate oncogenesis condition, and then HE staining and immunohistochemistry were adopted to detect growth of transplanted cells and albumin expression. Main Outcome Measures: Quality of life, average survival time, hepatic functional parameters, growth of transplanted cells, and oncogenesis condition. Results: Quality of life and average survival time: After the onset of acute liver failure, mice in the control group had incoordination and other symptoms of central nervous system. In addition, 14 mice in the control group and 8 in the transplantation group had abdominal dropsy. Average survival time in the control group was significantly shorter than that in the transplantation group (23, 62 hours, P < 0.05). Hepatic functional parameters: Levels of total bilirubin and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase in the control and transplantation groups were higher than those before modeling; levels of albumin and blood glucose were lower than those before modeling; pro-time prothrombin time was significantly longer than that before modeling (P < 0.01). Furthermore, levels of total bilirubin and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase in the transplantation group were lower than those in the control group; blood glucose in the transplantation group was higher than that in the control group, and pro-time prothrombin time in the transplantation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Growth of transplanted cells and oncogenesis condition: Pathological section demonstrated that structure of liver tissue was not changed remarkably, and tumor was not formed. Moreover, transplanted cells and hepatocyte-like cell were well arranged and combined to express albumin. Conclusion: Embryonic stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cell transplantation can improve quality of life, prolong survival time of model mice with acute liver failure; additionally, transplanted cells may well support biochemical metabolism of liver tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7963-7967
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research
Volume12
Issue number40
StatePublished - Sep 30 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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