ELISA quantitation of apolipoproteins in plasma lipoprotein fractions: ApoE in apoB-containing lipoproteins (Lp B:E) and apoB in apoE-containing lipoproteins (Lp E:B)

Chao Yuh Yang, Yong Hong Xie, Manlan Yang, Jun A. Quion, Antonio Gotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Growing clinical evidence suggests that metabolic behavior and atherogenic potential vary within lipoprotein subclasses that can be defined by apolipoprotein variation. Variant constituency of apolipoproteins B and E (apoB and apoE) may be particularly important because of the central roles of these apolipoproteins in the endogeneous lipid delivery cascade. ApoB is the sole protein of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and like LDL cholesterol, the plasma apoB level has been positively correlated with risk for atherosclerotic disease. ApoE is a major functional lipoprotein in the triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and may be crucial in the conversion of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) to LDL. Based on work by others that enabled the quantititation of apoB-containing particles by content of up to two other types of apolipoprotein, we have developed a method for determining the amount of apoE in apoB-containing lipoproteins (Lp B:E) and the amount of apoB in apoE-containing lipoproteins (Lp E:B). From the Lp B:E and Lp E:B concentrations, the molar ratio of apoE to apoB in lipoproteins containing apoB and/or apoE in plasma can be determined. The methodology is fast, specific, and sensitive and should prove extremely useful in further categorizing lipoproteins and characterizing their behavior. In applying this method to clinical groupings of normo- and hyperlipidemia, we found that the plasma triglyceride level correlated with the apoE and Lp B:E concentrations in plasma, while the total cholesterol level correlated with the apoB and Lp E:B levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-509
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Protein Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

Keywords

  • apoB and apoE molar ratio
  • ELISA
  • hypertriglyceridemia
  • Lipoprotein particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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