Elimination of hepatitis c in liver transplant recipients

Sammy Saab, Youssef Challita, Phillip H. Chen, Melissa A. Jimenez, Alex D. Lee, Elena G. Saab, Timothy Ahn, Gina Choi, Francisco A. Durazo, Mohamed M. El-Kabany, Steven Huy B. Han, Jonathan Grotts, Vatche G. Agopian, Ronald W. Busuttil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background and Aims: Recurrent hepatitis C (HCV) disease in liver transplant (LT) recipients is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the availability of noninterferon-based therapy, eliminating HCV may be achievable in LT recip-ients. Methods: We studied all consecutive recipients who underwent LT at the University of California Los Angeles between January 2005 and June 2017. We collected data on date of transplant and last follow-up, as well as laboratory values. We also recorded type and timing of antiviral therapy relative to LT. Analyses were performed to assess the proportion of LT recipients who are viremic after transplant. Results: Six hundred thirty-four patients underwent LT with a diagnosis of HCV. There was a statistically significant trend for patients to be cured be-fore (p < 0.001) and after liver transplantation (p <0.001)for the study period of 2014 to 2016 relative to 2005 and 2013, respectively. Of the 634 recipients eligible for therapy, 8% and 74% were treated within 12 months of transplant for the study periods 2005 to 2013 and 2014 to 2016, respectively. There was a significant decrease between the two study periods in the proportion of patients undergoing re-LT 1 year after the original LT: 5.5% (n = 28/510) and 1.5% (n =2/124)respectively for study periods 2005 to 2013 and 2014 to 2016 respectively (p = 0.011). Conclusions: The proportion of LT recipients who are viremic has decreased over time. Eliminating HCV in LT recipients is feasible after the introduction of direct-acting agents. Curing HCV should translate to improved clinical outcomes in LT recipients who were transplanted for HCV infection with longer follow-up. Preliminary results suggest the decreased need for transplant in the direct-acting agents era.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-250
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2018


  • Direct-acting agents
  • Elimination
  • Hepatitis C
  • Liver transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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