Background: Here, we explore the serum levels of anti-oxidized lipid autoantibodies as well as immune complexes in patients with SLE and determine their correlation with disease. Methods: Serum levels of oxidized-LDL immune complexes, autoantibodies to dsDNA, ox-LDL, MDA-LDL, 9-HODE, 13-HODE and POVPC were detected by ELISA in 64 SLE patients and 9 healthy controls. Results: Active SLE patients exhibited increased serum levels of autoantibodies compared to healthy controls, including anti-MDA-LDL-IgG (p = .003), anti-ox-LDL-IgG (p = .004), anti-9-HODE-IgG (p = .001), anti-13-HODE-IgG (p = .0003), anti-POVPC-IgG (p = .001) and ox-LDL-IC (p = .003). Serum anti-ox-LDL-IgG was positively correlated with SLEDAI (r = 0.34; p = .01), and negatively with C3 (r = −0.40; p = .01). Anti-9-HODE-IgG and anti-POVPC-IgG were positively correlated with SLEDAI and negatively with C4. Conclusions: Active SLE patients exhibit significantly increased serum levels of IgG anti-oxidized-lipid autoantibodies. Coordinated elevation of oxidized lipids, autoantibodies to these lipids, and immune complexes of these lipid-antibody components could potentially serve as pathogenic drivers and serum markers of SLE disease activity.
- Oxidized lipid
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy