We have examined the effect of the ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors thymidine (dThd) and hydroxyurea (HU) on the metabolism and cytotoxicity of high concentrations (10 to 100 μmol/L) of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) in a deoxycytidine kinase-deficient, highly Ara-C-resistant human promyelocytic leukemic cell subline (HL-60/Ara-C). Administration of dThd or HU (0.5 to 3 mmol/L) in conjunction with high concentrations of Ara-C either sequentially or simultaneously lead to enhanced (and in some cases a supra-additive) inhibition of HL-60/Ara-C suspension culture growth and soft agar colony formation. In addition, exposure of cells to 0.5 mmol/L dThd or HU for 48 hours significantly increased the percentage of HL-60/Ara-C in S-phase. In contrast to previous studies involving low-dose Ara-C administration, we were unable to detect dThd- or HU-mediated increments in Ara-CTP formation in HL-60/Ara-C cells treated with high-dose Ara-C despite reductions in intracellular dCTP pools as great as 65%. However, dThd or HU did increase Ara-C incorporation into newly synthesized DNA. These studies show that administration of dThd or HU in conjunction with high concentrations of Ara-C results in an enhanced antiproliferative effect of Ara-C against Ara-C-resistant leukemic cells deficient in deoxycytidine kinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology