Effects of speed and direction of perturbation on electroencephalographic and balance responses

Rahul Goel, Recep A. Ozdemir, Sho Nakagome, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal, William H. Paloski, Pranav J. Parikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The modulation of perturbation-evoked potential (PEP) N1 as a function of different biomechanical characteristics of perturbation has been investigated before. However, it remains unknown whether the PEP N1 modulation contributes to the shaping of the functional postural response. To improve this understanding, we examined the modulation of functional postural response in relation to the PEP N1 response in ten healthy young subjects during unpredictable perturbations to their upright stance—translations of the support surface in a forward or backward direction at two different amplitudes of constant speed. Using independent components from the fronto-central region, obtained from subject-specific head models created from the MRI, our results show that the latency of onset of the functional postural response after the PEP N1 response was faster for forward than backward perturbations at a constant speed but was not affected by the speed of perturbation. Further, our results reinforce some of the previous findings that suggested that the N1 peak amplitude and peak latency are both modulated by the speed of perturbation but not by the direction of the perturbation. Our results improve the understanding of the relation between characteristics of perturbation and the neurophysiology of reactive balance control and may have implications for the design of brain–machine interfaces for populations with a higher risk of falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2073-2083
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Balance response
  • Perturbation direction
  • Perturbation speed
  • Perturbation-evoked potential (PEP) N1
  • Postural threat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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