Introduction: This study evaluated CD39 in a porcine model of balloon angioplasty and in plasma of patients undergoing percutaneous intervention. CD39 (E-NTPDase1), is the endothelial ecto-ADPase inhibiting platelet function via hydrolysis of released platelet ADP. Methods and Results: A recombinant soluble form of CD39 (solCD39) given intravenously to pigs had an elimination half life of 5-7 days, increased the bleeding time to an extent similar to aspirin, and inhibits platelet aggregation by > 90%. Platelet counts and clot retraction remained normal following solCD39 administration. In a pig model of acute coronary balloon injury, solCD39 resulted in non-statistically significant decreases in platelet (7.7 ± 1.4 versus 11.7 plusmn; 3.4) and fibrin (3.5 ± 0.4 versus 4.2 ± 0.7) deposition ratios. Adding ex vivo to human platelet rich plasma (PRP) solCD39 produced nearly 100% inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation. A dose-response effect of solCD39 on platelet aggregation induced by collagen or a thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAPSFLLRN) was noted in PRP obtained from volunteers and patients receiving aspirin, clopidogrel or ticlopidine. SolCD39 also provided additional and complete inhibition of TRAP-induced platelet aggregation in PRP from patients who had received abciximab, aspirin and clopidogrel. Conclusions: SolCD39, a novel inhibitor of platelet activation and recruitment with a relatively long half-life appears to be well tolerated and is a potent inhibitor of ADP-, collagen-, or TRAP-induced platelet activation. Its potential use in percutaneous coronary intervention requires further study.
- Balloon angioplasty
- Platelet activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine