Effects of Sevelamer and Calcium-Based Phosphate Binders on Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial

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47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Elevated serum phosphorus and calcium are associated with arterial calcification and mortality in dialysis patients. Sevelamer, a phosphate-binding polymer, attenuates the progression of arterial calcification; it is unknown whether this improves outcomes. Patients and Interventions: A randomized comparison of sevelamer and calcium-based phosphate binders was performed in hemodialysis patients treated up to 45 months. The primary endpoint was mortality. Secondary endpoints included cause-specific mortality and hospitalization; 2103 patients were randomized, 2040 received treatment, and 1065 completed treatment. Results: Overall mortality was not significantly reduced by sevelamer (adjusted relative risk = 0.92; 95% confidence interval, 0.78 to 1.09; log-rank P = .40). Among patients ≥65 years of age, sevelamer reduced the risk of death (adjusted relative risk = 0.77; 95% confidence interval, 0.62 to 0.97; log-rank P = .02). Sevelamer patients had a trend toward fewer hospitalizations (P = .06) and fewer hospital days (P = .09). Conclusions: A statistically significant reduction in mortality in the overall study population was not observed. Sevelamer was associated with a survival benefit among patients ≥65 years of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Nephrology

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