Effects of magnesium on cyclic GMP hydrolysis by the bovine retinal rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase

D. Srivastava, D. A. Fox, R. L. Hurwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Knowledge of the kinetics of the rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase is essential for understanding the kinetics and gain of the light response. Therefore, the interactions between Mg2+, cyclic GMP, and purified, trypsin-activated bovine rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) were examined. The effects of Mg2+ and of cyclic GMP on the rod phosphodiesterase activity were mutually concentration-dependent. Formation of a free Mg-cyclic GMP complex is unlikely due to its high dissociation constant (K(d) = 19 mM). Plots of 1/velocity versus 1/[cyclic GMP] as a function of [Mg2+] and 1/velocity versus 1/[Mg2+] as a function of [cyclic GMP] intersected to the left of the 1/velocity axis. This is consistent with the formation of a ternary complex between the phosphodiesterase, Mg2+, and cyclic GMP. A competitive inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase relative to cyclic GMP, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, non-competitively inhibited the enzyme relative to Mg2+. Pb2+, a competitive inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase relative to Mg2+ non-competitively inhibited the enzyme relative to cyclic GMP. Collectively these results are suggestive of a rapid equilibrium random binding order of Mg2+ and cyclic GMP to the rod phosphodiesterase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-658
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume308
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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