Ventricular arrhythmias combined with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients portend a poor prognosis. Most antiarrhythmic agents have not been sufficiently investigated to adequately describe detrimental effects on LV function; we report the effects of moricizine HCl on ventricular function in 4 trials highlighting patients with LV dysfunction. Quantitative 2-dimensional echocardiography was used to evaluate 81 patients pre- and posttreatment. There was no change in mean global LV ejection fraction (EF) during placebo compared with moricizine HCl therapy (47 ± 15% vs 46 ± 14%, p > 0.05). In a separate trial, radionuclide LVEF at rest and exercise tolerance testing were performed in 24 patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias who had a mean control LVEF of 40 ± 19%. No significant change during moricizine HCl therapy (38 ± 19%, p > 0.05) was detected and exercise parameters were unchanged. Rest and exercise LV function was measured during right-sided heart catheterization in a placebo-controlled study of 20 patients with ventricular tachycardia. Moricizine HCl was well tolerated without hemodynamic deterioration in all but 3 patients, who could be identified by their inability to increase stroke volume index during exercise. Finally, the relation between initial LV function and resultant antiarrhythmic efficacy indicates that moricizine HCl controls arrhythmias best in patients with LVEF > 30%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine