Effects of acute haloperidol treatment on regional catecholamine levels and utilization in rats exposed to toluene

G. VON EULER, K. FUXE, T. HANSSON, P. ENEROTH, L. F. AGNATI, A. HÄRFSTRAND, Jan-Ake Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate whether the responses of central catecholamine (CA) neurons to CA receptor blockade by haloperidol are altered upon toluene exposure. Male rats were exposed to air or toluene (80 ppm) for 5 and 4 days, 6 h day-1. CA levels and utilization were determined in discrete regions of the forebrain and hypothalamus as well as in the substantia nigra (SN) and anteromedial frontal cortex (AMFC). Serum levels of corticosterone, thyroid stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and prolactin were determined by radioimmunoassay procedures. Toluene exposure led to increased dopamine (DA) utilization in the AMFC and increased CA utilization in the paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei. In air-exposed rats haloperidol (1 mg kg-1, i.p., 2 h before killing) increased DA utilization in the marginal part of the nucleus caudatus putamen (CAUD). In toluene-exposed rats, haloperidol induced significant depletions of DA stores in the SN and in the medial and central parts of the CAUD. In the posterior nucleus accumbens (ACC) DA utilization was significantly increased. Combined haloperidol and toluene treatment selectively decreased DA levels in the ACC and SN, and significantly increased DA utilization in the CAUD, as compared with the air-exposed control group. Furthermore, after combined treatment, there was a specific increase in noradrenaline (NA) utilization in the SN and in CA utilization in the medial palisade zone of the median eminence. Serum prolactin levels were substantially raised in both the air and toluene groups after the haloperidol treatment. In conclusion, acute haloperidol treatment preferentially reduces DA levels and increases DA and NA utilization in the SN and in discrete tel- and diencephalic areas in rats exposed to toluene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalActa Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume132
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

Keywords

  • brain
  • catecholamines
  • corticosterone
  • haloperidol
  • hypophyseal hormones
  • rat
  • toluene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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