Hs578T human breast cancer cells are an oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative cell line. Treatment of these cells with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) resulted in formation of a 6.9 S nuclear aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor complex, which bound to a [32P]dioxin-responsive element in a gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay. However, TCDD does not induce CYP1A1 gene expression or chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) activity in cells transiently transfected with pRNH11c or pMCAT5.12, which are Ah-responsive plasmids derived from the 5'-flanking region of the human and murine CYP1A1 genes respectively. Restoration of Ah responsiveness was investigated by co-transfecting Hs578T cells with pRNH11c or pMCAT5.12 and plasmids that express the ER (hER), Ah-receptor (AhR) and AhR nuclear translocator (Arnt) proteins. ER expression resulted in significantly increased basal CAT activity; however, TCDD did not induce CAT activity in the transiently transfected cells. Expression of the AhR or Arnt proteins did not alter basal or inducible CAT activity. Expression of N- or C-terminal truncated ER in Hs578T resulted in differential regulation of Ah responsiveness. In Hs578T cells transiently expressing the ER, which contains C-terminal deletions (amino acids 282-595), basal CAT activity was also increased; however, Ah responsiveness was not restored. In contrast, transient expression of N-terminal-deleted (amino acids 1-178) ER resulted in a marked decrease in basal CAT activity but a restoration of Ah responsiveness. These results suggest that basal and inducible CAT activity in Hs578T cells transiently transfected with pRNH11c is modulated differentially by ER domains that are present in the N- and C-terminal regions of the ER.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - 1996|
- Oestrogen receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research